Motivation can be defined as: the stimulus for action towards a goal,
especially as resulting from psychological of social factors. It is the
conscious or unconscious desire for something, a “wishful” behavior that is
flexible and adaptable.
To motivate is to awaken interest and even enthusiasm, to give a wish
for, stimulate, push, and direct towards.
“To educate is to encourage” Adler
The “craving” aspect triggers the behaviour witch will be modified by
positive reinforcement (something that is nice). The principle of pleasure
over-rides other considerations, and strong motivation allows the subject to
distance himself from the environment, even in a very distracting situation.
The only thing that counts is the object of desire.
Motivation will be represented essentially by:
Primary needs: food (a state of hunger can increase
Prey, symbolised by a toy
By imitating a fellow. Among wild dogs it is the
parents and the group. The young animal learns by watching and by positive
copying of the behaviour of others
The positive signals of the master- enjoyment,
stroking, verbal encouragement
Pleasant situations (going for a walk)
We can measure the motivation. If the reward changes in intensity and in
quality, the attention can be increased, diminished or even interrupted.
The goal of the training is to succeed in transforming a reponse to a
particular, highly motivating signal into a response to a neutral signal (voice
or gesture, without reward). For that we must, during training, associate the
very strong signal (food or toy) with a weak signal (voice or gesture).
Removing the object of the motivation should be done according to very
Systematic phase (every time he gets it right)
Intermittent phase (to keep him on track)
Random phase (which he will keep all his life)